Closed Comedones vs. Fungal Acne: What is the Difference, Symptoms, and Treatment

Closed Comedones vs. Fungal Acne

Fungal acne vs closed comedones acne are two of the most common skin problems. Acne skin breakouts may be unpleasant and unsightly on all skin types, even if they are not severe.

There are two forms of acne: closed comedones (aka whiteheads) caused by excess sebum production and fungal acne produced by yeast overgrowth on the skin. The appearance, sensation, location on the face, and treatment choices of these two forms of acne vary.

In this blog post, we’ll go over how to tell the difference between closed comedones and fungal acne.

Closed comedones

Closed comedones are acne that isn’t red or inflammatory. They are more like little lumps on your skin, but they still hurt! A closed comedo occurs when oil accumulates in one area of the face.

Closed comedones are the sort of acne that isn’t red or inflammatory. Instead, these are small whiteheads on the skin’s surface that some people can’t see without a microscope.

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Skin from heat, smoke, and sun, may cause them.

Closed comedones take longer to heal. So they may go unnoticed at first until you pull out the microscope and observe how different they are from basic blemishes, which all teens appear to get when their hormones shift rapidly.

Closed comedones or blackheads are pretty similar to acne skin breakouts. Closed comedones are black lumps on the skin with a sebum and keratin plug. Closed comedones may be difficult to cure, but they can be treated swiftly and prevented from recurring with the right skin cleaning solution.

Closed comedones are small, black lumps on the skin that don’t contain pus—small pores with a sebum clog within. Closed comedones may be open or closed depending on what is preventing normal expulsion.

Closed comedones causes

A sebum oil accumulation with dead skin cells within the skin hair follicles causes closed comedones acne. Closed comedones are also caused by fatty diets, processed fats, and fried foods. These meals block pores owing to high-fat content, which hardens and collects dead skin cells.

Unlike open comedones, closed comedones remain below the skin’s surface. Bacteria accumulation within your pores causes blackheads to grow. Their location varies from nose to forehead to jawline to back.

Closed comedones treatment

Closed comedones acne usually heals on its own. However, there are skin care treatments that might help reduce their harshness. In addition, closed comedones fade away when treated with various skincare treatments.

They exfoliate the skin and unclog pores at the same time. In order to keep your skin clear, you should wash your face twice a day with an acne cleanser. So, what do you think? It prevents germs from entering. This also aids in the removal of dead skin cells from the pores.

How to prevent subsequently closed comedones.

According to Dr. Caren Campbell of San Francisco, trying to burst your closed comedones or any other acne type is the most frequent technique to distribute pimples and blackheads all over your face. So instead, use a facial cleanser containing salicylic acid, AHA, or BHA. Gentle on the skin, these skincare products exfoliate to prevent sebum oil accumulation within hair follicles.

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Myths regarding closed comedones

There are many myths and misconceptions concerning closed comedones acne. Closed comedones are thought to be a symptom of purging. Closed comedones don’t mean cleansing. Skin purging happens when you use a skincare product or a chemical cleanser to stimulate skin renewal. It accelerates skin cell turnover, resulting in small open or closed comedones that appear as whiteheads.

For example, if you apply retinol directly to your skin, the retinol will destroy the top layer of dead skin cells. As a result, your pores will be flooded with dissolving cells. Your body’s natural reaction is to expel these chemicals via your pores or hair follicles.

Opening comedones with steam

Steaming your face helps comedones open up. While steam may help open pores, the effects are temporary without a proper skincare routine. Closed comedones cannot be removed by steam alone. However, steam may help remove pollutants from your skin, leaving you feeling fresh and clean. Follow up with glycolic or Salicylic acid creams or face washes to give your skin a fighting chance.

How to remove comedones?

Getting rid of comedones is not as simple as one may think. First, use a skin cleanser with salicylic acid to remove it, which helps clear clogged sebaceous glands and pores by encouraging exfoliation. Then, for optimal results, use ice or a chemical peel!

Exfoliate frequently if you want clear, smooth skin free of pimples and blemishes. So you may apply a chemical exfoliant on your jawline or forehead without affecting other regions. They also allow for deeper chemical penetration into pores, allowing for more toxins to escape!

What is fungi acne?

Fungal acne is a skin ailment that causes outbreaks on the face, chest, and back. Untreated, it may leave lasting scars. In order to treat and prevent fungal acne, acne medicines such as benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid are frequently utilized.

But, to properly cure this sort of acne, you must follow numerous procedures. For example, fungi that feed on sebaceous skin oil create bacterial acne. It is no need to be concerned about kissing or shaking hands with others when suffering from this form of acne because it is not communicable.

To get rid of fungal acne, you need to use topical treatments and keep your live skin clean and sanitary to avoid worsening breakouts.

Fungal acne causes

Yeast overgrowth on the skin causes fungus acne. For example, unlike closed comedones acne, fungal acne is caused by an overgrowth of yeast.

Even though these variables influence breakouts, they do not have the same impact on other skin problems such as black or whiteheads. You can use topical drugs such as ketoconazole cream or fluconazole tablets to treat fungal infections. However, picking at your face might exacerbate symptoms, prompting more severe treatments.

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Symptoms of fungal acne.

The closed comedones acne outbreak look distinguishes fungus from other acne breakouts. The size, location, and itching of the acne-prone region are all indicators of fungal acne. Tiny whiteheads, redness, and pus-filled pimples that flow or bleed are common fungus acne symptoms.

A fungal infection spreading through the hair follicles is another fungal acne sign. Again, men are more prone to skin acne than women. While fungal acne can be serious, several acne treatments are available to assist you in going back to your normal routine.

Some of the most common fungal infections can cause symptoms such as:

  • A ring-shaped rash on the torso, arms, or legs that are scaly and irritating is known as a “ringworm of the body.”
  • Itchy, painful scalp ringworm can lead to hair loss and leave you with scaly bumps or plaques on your scalp.
  • Athlete’s toes: your feet are covered in scaly skin.
  • A red, itchy rash in the groin area and on the inner thighs is known as a “jock itch.”
  • Infection with nail fungus causes nails to become discolored, brittle, and misshapen.
  • A thick white vaginal discharge and a burning feeling when peeing are possible side effects of a yeast infection in women’s vaginas.
  • There are many different types of oral thrush, but the most common is the production of white ulcers in the mouth that can also be red and painful.

An infection caused by a fungal organism can have many different symptoms, due to the type of fungal organism and where it is situated in the body.

  • Frizzy nocturnal sweats
  • Like the flu, with fatigue and aches and pains throughout the body as symptoms.
  • Signs of meningitis include shortness of breath, a strong headache, and light sensitivity in the eyes and ears.

Treatment for fungal acne

Incorporate an OTC antifungal treatment schedule into your everyday skincare routine to treat fungal acne. Maintain a strict hygienic routine and use efficient face and body wash. Keep your skin clean and free of contaminants without removing its natural moisture.

If you think you have severe acne with pus-filled lesions, don’t hesitate to contact a dermatologist who treats fungal acne to receive the care you need quickly.

Antifungal shampoos and body washes like Selsun Blue or Nizoral help treat bacterial acne. Use salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide soap bars to get rid of fungus acne.

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Is comedones acne the same as fungal acne?

It’s challenging to know what form of acne you have when you have it. Although closed comedones vs fungal acne are distinct skin disorders, their symptoms sometimes overlap.

Closed comedones and bacterial acne are distinct. Closed comedones generate blackheads and whiteheads all over the face near hair follicles, whereas fungal acne causes tiny red pimples with rows on the forehead, jawline, or cheeks.

Fungal acne is an uncommon skin disorder that forms rows of tiny red pimples. It may be present on the upper back, chest, forehead, jawline, or cheeks.

This kind of acne looks like closed comedones because it has tiny red pimples. However, their appearance and where they occur on the body vary significantly (closed comedones usually start near hair follicles).

Close comedones pores contain blackheads or whiteheads, while fungus does not cause these blemishes. A recent Comedonal acne study found that dead skin cells accumulation on the sebaceous glands surrounding your hair follicles produces Comedonal acne. In contrast, fungal acne is caused by an overgrowth of bacteria or yeast on your face.

Comedones only penetrate approximately 1/4 inch below the skin’s surface, but fungal acne penetrates considerably deeper.

Closed comedones vs. Fungal Acne

Comedonal acne vs fungal acne share certain characteristics, but not all. For example, closed comedones are formed by an excess of sebum beneath the skin, whereas fungus creates more severe fungal acne.

Suppose you have blocked follicles from excess oil; you may clean them out with benzoyl peroxide lotion treatments according to what irritates them the most: bacteria accumulation, whiteheads, redness around blackhead openings, etc.

Most fungal acne occurs when sebum beneath the skin layer overgrows. As a result, closed comedones are less severe and may be treated by limiting the amount of oil on your face to prevent pore-clogging.

Help for closed comedones?

Exfoliating helps remove closed comedones and ugly pimples hiding in pores. In addition to removing surface bumps, chemical exfoliators also remove blocked pores and sebum from skin hair follicles.

How to remove comedones?

There are several techniques to remove comedones from your skin permanently. Cleaning your skin frequently with a skin cleanser is the most popular and efficient technique to avoid a comedones acne outbreak. Comedones are best removed using skin cleansers containing Salicylic acid. Applying ice or a chemical peel may also help open closed comedones and unclog clogged sebaceous glands and pores.

Related Article: Hormonal Imbalance: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Exfoliate with AHA and BHA

Another highly suggested method to remove comedones from the skin is gentle exfoliating body washes containing AHA and BHA. It makes it logical that keeping your skin exfoliated would help you eliminate the main cause of comedones acne.

Closed comedones resemble whiteheads without the head. A mild exfoliating body washes high in glycolic acid, or salicylic acid is the best strategy to avoid closed comedones.

How to Prevent Acne

Acne can be temporarily relieved with therapy, but if you don’t take steps to avoid it in the future, it will return. However, you can considerably reduce acne and pimples by following these easy guidelines.

  • Regular cleansing can help prevent acne and the visible indications of aging by bringing your skin’s characteristics back into balance. 
  • Moisturizing is essential, especially if you have dry or mixed skin, so choose wisely. 
  • Heavy moisturizers can trigger acne outbreaks with perfumes, so be aware of this. Keep your skin nourished with a thin, non-fragranced moisturizer or serum.
  • Drink a lot of water to keep your skin from overproducing oil, leading to breakouts of acne and pimples. 
  • Your skin will benefit from a nutritious diet, frequent exercise, and enough water. Still, it will also help counteract the damaging effects of stress, poor nutrition, and sleep deprivation on your appearance.
  • Keep in mind that what you put on your skin is directly related to what you put in your body. Sugar, dairy milk, and chocolate can exacerbate acne when consumed in large quantities. 
  • On the other hand, acne may be lessened by a diet high in antioxidants and green vegetables, according to research.
  • Acne can result from using things that clog your pores, such as skincare, sunscreen, or cosmetics. Use items that are compatible with your skin type in moderation, or look for alternatives. 
  • Use “oil-free” and “non-comedogenic” on the label of any cosmetics.


Closed Comedones vs. Fungal Acne: Closed comedones are not acne but an indicator of congested skin with closed pores. The best technique to care for acne-prone skin is to wash and frequently moisturize to avoid bacterial skin and irritation.

They may also be a sign of hormonal problems like PCOS, which need medical care before developing worse than closed comedones! Don’t hesitate to receive the assistance you need to improve your skin if you have PCOS!

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